A lot of people who are afflicted with diabetes are at the same time suffering from hypertension. When blood pressure rises, the arteries are constricted because of atherosclerosis or frequent high blood glucose levels. In any case, blood cannot circulate properly thereby accelerating the patient’s risks to cardiac arrests, strokes, coronary artery disease, retinopathy, nephropathy and maybe neuropathy as well as kidney problems. Some common symptoms of hypertension are headache, nausea, impaired vision, chest pains and shortness of breath. On the other hand, symptoms of diabetes may be in the form of extreme hunger and thirst, uncontrolled weight loss, irritability and chronic fatigue. Most of these symptoms are generally taken for granted until the disease becomes serious or even fatal.
Hypertension or high blood pressure is considered a risk factor in complicating conditions that affect about 60% of diabetic patients since some medications for hypertension may also adversely affect blood glucose levels. However, there are some medications that may be effective in treating high blood pressure and do not interfere with blood sugar levels. Some of these medicines are called diuretics or “water pills.”
It is advisable for patients to have their blood pressure monitored as they work on their diabetes. Aside from this, patients should lose the extra pounds that trigger hypertension. Active exercise will also help as well as proper nutrition. The patient may have to stop smoking as nicotine may elevate blood pressure and to take alcohol in moderation. They may also have to be educated on proper stress management to avoid or minimize stressful environment. Controlling blood pressure as well as cholesterol and blood glucose levels are vital in reducing the different complications that may arise in the medical conditions of diabetic hypertensive patients. Maintaining a healthy lifestyle may just eliminate or reduce significantly the mortality rate that is caused by this deadly “silent killers.”