Too much sugar symptoms may be confused with symptoms of other disorders. There are several tell-tale signs, however, that may indicate one has hyperglycemia or diabetes mellitus.
Hyperglycemia results from too much glucose in the bloodstream. Simply ingesting excessive amounts of sugar is not enough to create the condition, just as excessive sugar intake in children does not cause hyperactivity (contrary to popular, and false, belief). It is the body’s improper production of insulin that causes this issue.
Glucose is the simplest sugar, and is the one the body uses for energy. It comes from the digestive and biochemical processes of breaking down more complex carbohydrates, such as sucrose or lactose. The specialized cells in the pancreas react to the presence of glucose and secrete insulin, which carries the glucose to the liver and other organs where it may be stored.
Those with hyperglycemia or diabetes, however, produce little or no insulin. Thus, the glucose level in the bloodstream accretes, and reacts negatively with another of the body’s metabolic cells, ketone bodies (produced by the liver when processing fatty acids). These ketones combined with elevated glucose levels create a condition called ketoacidosis. The blood becomes dangerously acidic and a diabetic coma or death can result if untreated.
High blood sugar in women can often be caused by pregnancy (due to physiological changes); this is called gestational diabetes. This condition is temporary, but if untreated can lead to abnormal weight gain in the expectant mother. It can also lead to higher birth weights with respiratory distress in newborns.
Too much sugar symptoms are fairly easily recognized and universal. In general, the person with a hyperglycemic attack pending may experience increased frequency of urination and excessive thirst. Other symptoms include a feeling of weakness and a loss of appetite. These are merely indicators a problem is developing.
For those already in the more advanced state of ketoacidosis, the symptoms are more dramatic and even diabolical as they may take several hours or days to manifest. Thirst, abdominal pain, vomiting, restlessness, confusion, and lapsing into a stupor or coma are classic signs. More subtly, the skin is dry, red, and warm to the touch. A sweetish smell of acetone, like nail polish remover, is on the victim’s breath.
The dangers of too much sugar in the blood are either disability or death. For those experiencing the early warning signs of thirst and excessive frequency of urination a visit to a doctor and a blood glucose-level test will confirm diabetes. This can then either be controlled by diet or insulin injections dependent upon type and severity of the disorder.
The second set of symptoms involving vomiting, etc., mean certain death if untreated. The victim will lapse into a shock-induced coma. Immediate medical treatment is required. No one should try to use any home remedies on someone exhibiting such symptoms of too much sugar. Professional and immediate medical care is the only solution in this case and a professional evaluation is always recommended even if there is only a suspicion of high blood sugar or a history of this disorder within the family.