The most common high blood sugar symptoms in women usually cover a range of predictable patterns. Although in most cases these outward signs differ little from men, women’s dietary needs and the effects of pregnancy can greatly exaggerate the expected symptoms. Such symptoms may not always indicate the presence of diabetes mellitus, but they are a sure indicator that perhaps a medical test for the disorder is needed.
Most women tend toward hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) for a number of reasons. These may be from self-imposed caloric intake (on a diet), an undiagnosed anemia, or some other metabolic problem. Signs of hypoglycemia may be feelings of anxiety for no reason, a rapid and bounding pulse, excessive sweating, and an unsteady gait. The most common sign, though, is feeling faint and it is not uncommon for someone with low blood sugar to collapse in a fainting spell (the brain is deprived of glucose).
At the other end of the spectrum is the more dangerous hyperglycemia (high blood sugar), and it is the most common indicator of diabetes mellitus. High blood sugar symptoms differ from low blood sugar symptoms. The most common are increased frequency of urination, persistent thirst (no matter how much water one drinks it never seems enough), a general feeling of bodily weakness, and a loss of appetite.
The “classic” form of diabetes is Type I (requiring insulin injections). This usually makes its presence known when the diabetic is under the age of 20 (hence, its common name, “juvenile diabetes”). The Type II form of diabetes (non-insulin dependent, or “adult-type diabetes”) develops later in life. It is this form that can most solidly be placed at obesity’s doorstep – 90% of all people with Type II diabetes are obese. The symptoms are the same as with Type I and, unless controlled, can kill – the body’s inability to properly metabolize sugars and starches leads to an accretion, causing the body to go into “sugar shock”. Coma and death can follow.
Women are especially prone to a variant of Type II diabetes when pregnant called “gestational diabetes”. The symptoms of tiredness, etc., all follow suit, but the cause is the pregnancy and the metabolic stressors it places on some women’s bodies. If left unchecked, gestational diabetes leads to abnormally large birth weights in newborns and can cause respiratory problems within the first 24 hours for the infant.
In the end the high blood sugar symptoms found in women simply need to be recognized as perhaps an indicator of a bigger problem. Ignoring excessive thirst or feelings of lethargy or weakness can kill. As with any medical issues, it is always best to consult a physician. If diagnosed early enough, the disorder can generally be treated with changes in diet and by monitoring blood sugar levels. Any woman can go on to live a normal, active life.